A Textbook of Biotechnology

Biotechnology is a multidisciplinary subject and needs the knowledge of many areas, like, Botany, Zoology, Cytology, Genetics, Biochemistry, Microbiology, etc., where the microbial cells or cultured plant or animal cells or their products, like antibiotics, enzymes, various organic acids, etc., are produced industrially to be used practically for the welfare of human beings. Actually, the term Biotechnology, though, is of recent use, but it is a quite ancient technology and the man is exploiting unknowingly the services of various microorganisms, like yeast for alcoholic beverages, lactobacilli for curdling of milk, Acetobacter for vinegar production, etc. Nowadays, the technique is more efficiently used by modifying the genetic constitution of naturally occurring commercial strains of microorganisms, plants and animals, which are being used in the diverse fields of agriculture, medicine, pollution management, biofuels, food and other industries, etc.


1. Introduction to Cell Structure and Viruses
2. Carbohydrates
3. Proteins
4. Lipids
5. Cell Division
6. Mendel's Laws of Inheritance
7. Nucleic Acids
8. Protein Synthesis
9. Genetic Code
10. Mutations
11. Regulation of Gene Expression
12. Genetic Engineering
13. Nature and Scope of Biotechnology
14. Cell Culture
15. Food and Beverage Biotechnology
16. Enzyme Technology
17. Environmental Biotechnology
18. Biological Fuel Generation
19. Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry
20. Biotechnology and Medicine