Contemporary English Grammar Structures Contemporary English Grammar Structures

Contemporary English Grammar Structures

English grammar is the structure of expressions in the English language. This includes the structure of words, phrases, clauses and sentences.

There are historical, social, cultural and regional variations of English. Divergences from the grammar described here occur in some dialects of English. This article describes a generalized present-day Standard English, the form of speech found in types of public discourse including broadcasting, education, entertainment, government, and news reporting, including both formal and informal speech. There are certain differences in grammar between the standard forms of British English, American English and Australian English, although these are inconspicuous compared with the lexical and pronunciation differences.

Contents

Part I. Grammar and Usage
1. The Sentence
2. Parts of Speech
3. Nouns-I
4. Nouns-II
5. Adjectives
6. Comparison of Adjectives
7. Articles
8. Pronouns
9. Demonstrative, Indefi nite, Interrogative, Distributive and Reciprocal Pronouns
10. Relative Pronouns
11. Verbs
12. Verbs -Mood and Tense
13. Concord or Agreement of the Verb with the Subject
14. Non-Finite Verbs
15. Strong and Weak Verbs
16. The Auxiliaries
17. Modal Auxiliaries
18. Anomalous Finites
19. Adverbs
20. Prepositions
21. Conjunctions
22. Interjections

Part II. Sentence Structure
23. Simple, Compound, Complex and Compound-Complex Sentences
24. Analysis of Simple Sentences
25. Clauses
26. Analysis of Complex Sentences
27. Analysis of Compound Sentences and Compound-Complex Sentences
28. Synthesis of Sentences
29. Transformation of Sentences-I
30. Transformation of Sentences-II
31. Sequence of Tenses and Direct and Indirect Speech
32. Punctuation and Capitals

Part III. Structures, Literary and Conversational

33. Verb Patterns and Structures-I
34. Verb Patterns and Structures-II
35. Verb Patterns and Structures-III
36. Verb Patterns and Structures (Mainly Conversational)

Part IV. Vocabulary and Composition
37. Word-Formation-The Use of Prefi xes
38. Word-Formation-The Use of Suffi xes
39. Word-Formation-Compound Words
40. Synonyms and Antonyms
41. One-Word Substitutes for Phrases and Clauses
42. Words Often Confused
43. Words with Appropriate Prepositions
44. Paragraph-Writing
45. Letter-Writing
46. Précis-Writing
47. Expansion of Passages
48. Essay-Writing
49. Paraphrasing
50. Writing Stories from Outlines