Energy & Environment Data Dictionary

As India moves along the path of economic growth, environmental issues are assuming increasing importance. So is the objective of attaining sustainability in the pattern of development that the country pursues. Among all the sectors of the economy, the energy sector deserves special focus, because not only is fossil fuel energy in particular a source of pollution along its entire cycle, but emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases are leading to climate change, the impacts of which are becoming progressively more serious globally. There are also issues of energy access, because, for instance, there are 1.3 billion people in the world who have no access to electricity and over twice that number are dependent on burning of biomass for cooking purposes using inefficient cooking stoves, the emissions from which are a serious health hazard. Women and children in particular who receive maximum exposure to this form of indoor pollution are particularly vulnerable. At this stage, as we move well into the 21st century, the deprivation of large numbers of people to modern forms of energy is an aberration which continues largely unresolved.

1 Energy and environment: an overview ........................................................................1

2 Organization of the energy sector in India .................................................................13

3 Commercial energy balance tables and conversion factors .........................................29

4 Coal and lignite ......................................................................................................41

5 Petroleum and natural gas ........................................................................................83

6 Power ...................................................................................................................103

7 Renewable energy sources and technologies ...........................................................173

8 Agriculture ...........................................................................................................195

9 Industry ...............................................................................................................207

10 Transport .............................................................................................................225

11 Domestic ...............................................................................................................263

12 Environment ........................................................................................................295

13 Climate change ......................................................................................................325

14 Conceptual issues for goals around energy and environment ....................................349