Environment & Ecology

The term environment, which ethymoligically means surroundings, is considered as

a composite term for conditions in which organisms live and this consists of air,

water, food and sunlight, which are the basic requirements of all living beings and plant

life, to carry on their life functions. In other words, environment consists of biotic as

well as abiotic substances. The non-living or physical environment includes the medium

and the climate. The activities of organisms are affected by medium and climate to a

considerable extent. The biological environment refers to the relationship existing among

different organisms.

Chapter 1: Scope, Importance and Need of Environmental Studies
Chapter 2: Ecosystem
Chapter 3: Types of Ecosystem
Chapter 4: Biodiversity
Chapter 5: Conservation of Biodiversity
Chapter 6: Natural Resources
Chapter 7: Biogeochemical Cycles
Chapter 8: Energy
Chapter 9: Human Population and Environment
Chapter 10: Social Issues and the Environment
Chapter 11: Environmental Pollution and their Effects
Chapter 12: Environmental Changes and Human Health
Chapter 13: Indicators and Environmental Impact Assessments
Chapter 14: Environmental Protection Laws and Acts