Geoinformatics for Climate Change Studies

In recent years there has been an increasing awareness of the effect of climate change on the Earth and its resources. There has also been a dramatic increase in support for research in climate change studies. In particular, fundamental variables of climate such as past, present, and future data on biophysical attributes of the Earth's surface and atmosphere, and tools and methods for processing such data have become increasingly important in a vast array of climate change research and studies. Considerable recent research has focused on global studies and at global scale using such tools and datasets. The growth of research has been marked and is perhaps most apparent with the development of a new field of study climate change.

Although there has been a long standing interest in global warming and its impact on the Earth's resources, the ability to work at different scales arises in part from advances in technology. Geoinformatics as the primary science and technology for spatio-temporal data analysis is of particular importance and significance. Geoinformatics encompasses remote sensing, geographical information system (GIS), data collected using global positioning system (GPS), information communication technology (ICT), and social interactions. Remote sensing now routinely provides information on the Earth and its environment at the local to global scales. GIS provides a means to store, analyse, and visualize spatial data, including those derived from remote sensing and collected from the field. Together with associated advancements in communication and computational facilities, tools are now often provided to efficiently handle and share a great amount of data of large areas. There are also specialist tools that recognize spatio-temporal characters. The opportunities presented by this situation help to make the area of overlap between climate change and geoinformatics of great interest for research; an area that fits neatly within the core for identifying and communicating climate change research.

1. A GIS-based Framework for Modelling and Global Design of Earth Systems

2. Geoinformatics for Climate Change Research

3. Reactions of Mountain Glaciers to Climate Change—A Remote Sensing Approach

4. Geoinformatics and the Mapping of Lands Vulnerable to Sea Level Rise

5. Geospatial Tools to Assess Forest Ecosystems under Climate Change Trajectories

6. Geoinformatics for Comprehensive Impact Assessment and Analysis of Climate Change for Integrated Water Resources Management

7. Climate–Population–Energy: Scenarios for 2050

8. Geoprocessing for Soft Mapping of Sparse and Inaccurate Evapotranspiration Data

9. Impact of Climate Variability on Human Health

10. Geo-information-based Approach for Monitoring Climate-induced Land Degradation in Nigeria

11. Assessing Land Surface Temperature over Bangladesh using MODIS Satellite Images—An Indicator of Climate Change

12. High Resolution Climate Change Scenarios for Morocco for the 21st Century

13. GIScience Tools for Climatic Change Related Natural Hazards and Modelling

14. Spatial Data Infrastructure Convergence: Building Spatial Data Infrastructure Bridges to Address Climate Change

15. Geoinformatics for Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction

16. Geoinformatics and Communication Technologies for Climate Change Hazards: Musing beyond the Technical Issues