Pharmaceutical Chemistry

At its core, pharmaceutical chemistry is the study and development of new drugs. It involves cures and remedies for diseases, analytical techniques, pharmacology, metabolism, quality assurance, and drug chemistry. Many pharmaceutical chemistry students will later work in a lab. Pharmaceutical chemistry leads to careers in drug development, biotechnology, pharmaceutical companies, research facilities, and more.

Unit One

1.1 Structure of the Atom

1.2 Electronic Theory of Valency

1.3 Inductive Effect

1.4 Resonance or Mesomerism

1.5 Hydrogen Bond

1.6 Atomic Orbitals

1.7 Molecular Orbitals

1.8 Intermolecular Forces

1.9 Bond Dissociation Energy

1.10 Polarity of Bonds

1.11 Polarity of Molecules

1.12 Structure and Physical Properties

1.13 Classification of Organic Compounds

1.14 Nomenclature of Organic Compounds

Exercise

Objective Type Questions

Answers


Unit 2

2.1 Isomerism

2.2 Types of Isomerism

2.3 Specification of Configuration

2.4 Stereospecific and Sterreoselective Reactions

Exercise

Objective Type Questions

Answers


Unit 3

3.1 Alkanes

3.2 Alkenes

3.3 Dienes

3.4 Alkynes

3.5 Cycloalkanes

3.6 Alkyl Halides

3.7 Alcohols

Exercise

3.7.4 Methods of Preparation

3.7.5 Physical Properties

3.7.6 Chemical Properties

Exercises

Objective Type Questions

Answers


Unit 4

4.1 Aromatic Compounds

4.2 Nomenclature of Aromatic Compounds

4.3 Structure of Benzene

4.4 Methods of Formation of Benzene

4.5 Physical Properties of Benzene

4.6 Chemical Reactions of Benzene

4.7 Aromaticity (Aromatic Character)

4.8 Orientation of Aromatic Substitution

4.9 Activity Effect

4.10 Theory of Orientation

4.11 Arenes

4.12 Xylenes

4.13 Amines (Aliphatic)

4.14 Aromatic Amines

4.15 Phenols

4.16 Aryl Halides

Exercise

Objective Type Questions

Answers


Unit 5

5.1 Aldehydes and Ketones

5.2 Nomenclature

5.3 Structure of Carbonyl Group

5.4 General Methods of Preparation

5.5 Physical Properties

5.6 Chemical Properties

5.7 Aromatic Aldehydes

5.8 Aromatic Ketones

5.9 Carboxylic Acids

5.10 Organo Metallic Compounds

5.11 Malonic Ester Syntheses

5.12 Aceto Acetic Ester (Ethyl Aceto Acetate) Syntheses

5.13 Unsaturated Carbonyl Compounds

5.14 Electrocyclic Reactions

5.15 Sigmatropic Reactions

5.16 Neighbouring Group Effect

5.17 Catalysis by Transition Metal Complexes

Exercise

Objective Type Questions

Answers


U n i t 6

6.1 Meerwein-Ponndorf-Verley Reduction

6.2 Oppenauer Oxidation

6.3 Beckmann Rearrangement

6.4 The Hofmann Rearrangement (Hofmann Degradation of Amides)

6.5 Mannich Reaction

6.6 The Diels-Alder Reaction

6.7 Michael Reaction (Michael Addition or Michael Condensation)

6.8 Reformatsky Reaction

6.9 Knoevenagel Reaction

6.10 Cannizzaro Reaction

6.11 Aldol Condensation

6.12 Benzoin Condensation

Exercise


Section Two

Practicals