SDC (Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation) has been working in India since 1961. Although a relatively small donor organization, SDC lays emphasis on building and nurturing long-term partnerships with local organizations to address both local and global concerns. In 1991, SDC estab- lished a Global Environment Programme to support developing countries in implementing measures aimed at protecting the global environment. In pursuance of this goal, SDC India, in collaboration with Indian institutions like TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute), conducted a study of the SMiE (small and micro enterprises) sector in India to identify areas in which to introduce technologies that would yield higher energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Four energy-intensive areas were selected for intervention: one of them was the foundry industry.